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Clinical Trials Search at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Ruxolitinib in Preventing Breast Cancer in Patients with High Risk and Precancerous Breast Lesions

This phase II trial studies how well ruxolitinib before surgery works in preventing breast cancer in patients with high risk and precancerous breast conditions. Ruxolitinib may changes the breast cell when administered to participants with precancerous breast conditions. Ruxolitinib may stop the growth of cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Phase II
Mol. targeted/Immunotherapy/Biologics
Blinded Drug
Meszoely, Ingrid
Vanderbilt University


18 Years
Inclusion Criteria:

Have a breast biopsy showing ADH (atypical ductal hyperplasia), ALH (atypical lobular hyperplasia), LCIS (lobular carcinoma in situ), or DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ) requiring surgical excision. Microinvasive disease is allowed. The number of participants with DCIS will be limited to no more than 15 in each arm. * NOTE: Tissue from the diagnostic biopsy must be accessible/available for research correlates (i.e., a tissue block or ~10 unstained slides). Due to the nature of the study, fewer slides may be accepted with prior permission from the Protocol Chair if there is insufficient tissue.

Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3.

Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL.

Platelets > 200 x 10^9 /L.

Total bilirubin = 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN).

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) = 2.5 x institutional ULN.

Alkaline phosphatase = 5 x institutional ULN.

Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault method.

Willing to not use concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors as this could interfere with the metabolism of ruxolitinib (i.e azole antifungals, clarithromycin, conivaptanin, grapefruit juice, nefazodone, protease inhibitors, telithromycin).

Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

If the patient undergoes germline genetic testing, the results must be received prior to randomization, as the results may affect the surgical approach and, in turn, the date of surgical excision.

Patient understands the study regimen, its requirements, risks, and discomforts, and is able and willing to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

Treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) or aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer prevention within 1 year prior to starting study treatment.

Treatment with any other investigational agents within 30 days of starting study treatment.

Current diagnosis of invasive breast cancer (current microinvasive disease is allowed), or previous history of invasive breast cancer diagnosed within the last 5 years. * NOTE: If previous history of ER+ invasive breast cancer diagnosed > 5 years ago, patient must be off endocrine therapy for at least 1 year prior to starting study treatment.

Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, end stage renal disease (ESRD), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Women who are pregnant or nursing.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive participants on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with ruxolitinib.

Prior or current treatment with a JAK inhibitor, for any indication.

Known active hepatitis B or C.

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trials, call 615-936-8422.